Rabu, 30 Mei 2012

Strategies to answer the TOEFL listening

Nama : Siti Rohmah
NPM : 26209900
Kelas : 3EB17

Strategies to answer the TOEFL listening

TOEFL iBT Listening section delivered immediately after the Reading. Listening section of TOEFL iBT measures your ability to understand spoken English in academic settings. In the TOEFL iBT listening conducted for three main purposes:

1. Listening for basic comprehension.
2. Listening for pragmatic understanding.
3. To connect and combine the ideas presented in multiple information sources.

Each part of the Listening section (2 or 3 parts) consists of a long conversation and two lectures. The test taker hear each lecture or conversation only once. Lectures and conversations is 3-5 minutes. During the listening time is not running. The time allotted 10 minutes for each section is only to answer questions.
Preparation Strategy

Listen to spoken English from as many sources as possible. Listening to spoken English and British film spoken TV channels, listen to the radio and listen as much as you might find other sources. It would be better if you are part of academic or close to what's on the iBT TOEFL. The more you practice listening, listeners better you will become.

Listen to the main idea. It is usually found in the early part of the listening, while the details are scattered throughout the college. The main ideas will provide an understanding of what the conversation / lecture is about. Then you can listen to the details.

Learning to discover how the ideas presented in the listening. Some relationships between the main ideas including cause / effect, compare / contrast, and steps in the process.

Learn to listen to the signal words that show different parts of the piece - introduction, main steps, examples, conclusion, etc.

Build your vocabulary. While listening, try to guess the meaning of unfamiliar words from context. It is very important because there is a great opportunity to find the words you do not know the real test. Then, you have to guess its meaning. Write down every word that you do not know and put it in your wordlist. Try to memorize and use in speaking and writing. Flashcards can be a great way to improve your vocabulary.

Listen to the conversation or lecture with various accents. In the TOEFL iBT Listening section there are different accents and pronunciations. For this reason, you must practice listening to people with different accents and speech patterns.

The practice of taking notes. Note taking is allowed during all sections of TOEFL iBT. Effective note taking can greatly improve your performance. Almost impossible to memorize all the instructions and details provided in the Listening section. In addition, you can hear the verses ONLY ONCE. Therefore, to answer the questions that you need depends on what you remember from the trip and your notes. See also our Effective Note-Taking Strategy.

Summarize in writing what you hear, using your notes. Thus, you will learn to discover the purpose and main idea of ​​listening, and also the most important detail. You will also learn to take and use notes. It also helps in improving your writing skills.

Familiarize yourself with the types of questions on the iBT TOEFL. Make sure that during the preparation you learn what the answers are required by different types of questions. Some questions may require you to give two answers, others to click in the box graph. If you are familiar with this type of question, you can save significant time.
At the exam strategies

Forget the Reading section. Now it is time to fully concentrate on the Listening section.

The clock is ticking only when you answer the questions and not when you're listening to the verses. So, when you listen, forget about the clock.

Prepare notes for retrieval. Before the start, write down the main idea of ​​'words,' the main point of the important details'' ', and. Where the word that will put your notes from the listening.

Do not be distracted by the speaker's accent, speaking style and delivery. Focus on the content and flow of information the speaker (s) provide.

Listen to find clues that will help you understand what the speaker's purpose, attitude and level of certainty. Listen to the words that show relationships between ideas.

Note the visual material. Some of the visual material in the Listening carry important information. Blackboard displaying the important words or phrases that are discussed in the lectures. Illustrations and graphics to support the information presented in lectures. They are available only when referring to their lecturers.

Different answer. In the Listening section you may not return to the previous questions to correct your answers. However, you have to confirm twice that you want to move to the next question. First, when you give your answer, you must press the NEXT button. After pressing the NEXT button you can change your answer. To move to the next question you must press the OK button. Sometimes the test taker to forget and lose important time. Please, set your mind that you must press two buttons.

Guess what. There is no penalty for wrong answers on the iBT TOEFL. Do not carry points. If you see you are running out of time, just take a guess and mark the answers to all questions that remain. There is a 25% chance of guessing the right answer.

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